Humanities 1110


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Hum 1110
Final Project


Your term paper, also known as the final project, is worth 20% of your total grade. To pass the course, you must pass the final paper.   The purpose of this final paper/project is not just to grade you on what you have learned, but also--and more importantly--to give you a chance to stretch the wings you have been growing in this course and to really dig more deeply into a specific subject in which you are interested.  For this reason, there are fewer reading assignments in the final weeks, little or no homework, and thus extra time to work on this paper/project. 




Six Steps               Basic Info              Starting Draft I               Typing Draft II



        Read this entire Web page, starting here.  Then follow these six steps carefully.

  1. Choose a subject and, if you wish, a type of paper.  
    Your subject must be from the course's time period (ancient BC/BCE to about 1500 AD/CE) and geographical area (Europe, N. Africa, and the Middle East).  You should also choose from--or at least be aware of--the seven basic, college-style "Types of Papers," below.  Warning: You may not just simply write any kind of paper you want; you must choose to write one of  the seven described in "Types of Papers."
    IMPORTANT NOTE #1: About 10-20% of people write better if they try to write the final draft right away.  You may do this.  However, if you do, you should turn this "final" draft in as your "Draft I" as explained below.  If you do not, you will lose X's for being late.  To get all your X's for each Draft, you must turn in at least as many words as required in each draft below on time--nothing late for these Draft I, II, and III assignments.
    IMPORTANT NOTE #2: If you do not send me a Draft I and II (or at least a Draft II), you risk writing the wrong kind of paper and losing 25% or more of your points.  From past experience, about 1/3 to 1/2 of people who do not turn in a Draft I and II--and thus don't let me see what they are doing with their term paper--end up doing the wrong kind of paper and/or organizing it very incorrectly.  The result is that they lose a lot of points.  So, be sure to send me a Draft I and II (or at least a II) to get a good grade.

  2. Write a Draft I, 1000+ w.   
    State three things at the beginning:
    (a) the length of your Draft I
    (b) which type of paper you are writing
    (c) whether it is a new PA, an old one, both an old and new one (expanded), or not a PA at all.  
    The Draft I may be very rough.  However, it should have some indication--in the way it is written--of which type of paper you have chosen to write (a thesis, a comparison-contrast, an analysis, etc., etc.--see "Types of Papers"). You also may simply turn in one or more Practice Activities on your subject, expanded to 1000+ words, but again, you should clarify or reorganize--with at least a new introductory paragraph--which type of paper you have chosen to write.  According to the "Schedule," you may use your Draft I for three weeks' worth of PA's, as well--the last three weeks.  If you want to do this, start on it early enough--when the PA's are due--to get credit.  Don't wait until the Draft I is due, or you may not be able to get credit for all three weeks' worth of PA's (because they are due earlier).  
    Remember, too, that you should state the length of your Draft I, the type of paper you will write, and whether it is an old or new PA or both (an old one expanded by adding a new one or two).  Warning: Be sure that you choose a subject limited to only the course's time period (ancient BC/BCE to about 1500 AD/CE) and geographical area (Europe, N. Africa, and the Middle East)!

  3. Type a Draft II, 2000+ w.   
    It should be consistently and clearly organized according to which of the seven "Types of Papers," below, you want to write, and it should have your sources.  It must be 2000+ w.  Be sure to LOOK AT THE SAMPLE OF THE TYPE OF PAPER YOU CHOOSE!  See the beginning of the description of your type of paper for a link (marked in yellow) to its sample paper.  Warning: You can not write a simple report on your subject unless you also make a speech in class or develop a Web site; you must choose one of the seven types of papers described.

  4. Start a Draft III, 2200+ w.  
    To do so, you must carefully use the four "Grading Standards," below.  You paper must have three to six quotations and/or images per section, Subtitles, 1.5+ pp. of writing per section, a bibliography, proper typing, citation of your quotations/images in your paper using the author-page number system of MLA or APA style, etc.  Warning: Carefully follow the four "Grading Standards," step by step, as your paper will not be acceptable unless you have met most of the requirements in these four standards.

  5. Edit your Draft III carefully.   
    For adding quotations/sources, consider reviewing a Web page called "Quoting, Paraphrasing, & Avoiding Plagiarism."  
    Getting help from the IHCC Writing Center for your paper can give you double-time make-up/extra credit.  
    For how to do a bibliography, fix punctuation, and use grammar in sentences, use a physical grammar book or the Online Grammar Handbook.  Warning: Lack or poor use of quotations, citation of quotations/images, punctuation, or grammar may lead to a significantly lower grade.

  6. Type the Draft III properly and turn the paper in on time.   
    (a) For typing requirements, see the last of the "Four Grading Standards," below, and consider reviewing basic guidelines on a Web page called "Typing."  
    For due dates, see "When Are Drafts Due," below.  Warning: There are three deadlines--Drafts I, II, and III (final)--each with its own absolute deadline and penalties for not meeting it.


You may develop your final project/term paper from one or more practice activities or start a new subject.  Whatever you choose, you must find a subject that falls within the parameters of our class: ancient through renaissance times in Western (European, Middle Eastern, and/or North African) civilization.  You also must depend on outside books and sources--ones beyond just our textbooks.  You cannot just simply write a factual report.  You must write one of seven types of academic papers listed in "Types of Papers," below.  There are a number of different kinds of academic papers (and you even can do a written report if you also are willing to also make a class presentation or also make a Web site).

There are three drafts due at the times shown on the schedule, and these drafts MUST BE ON TIME.  There are no exceptions to this, as the value of having multiple drafts (and in getting a consultation from me about one of them) is significantly diminished if one or more drafts are late.  For more details, see "When Are Drafts Due" at the end of this Web page.

After you turn your paper in, I will grade it equally on four different qualities: 

  1. your contents

  2. your supports--quotations, examples, paraphrases, and bibliography for supporting your contents

  3. your organization using academic/professional sections, subtitles, flow, and style

  4. your academic presentation--good typing, grammar, editing, paragraphing, etc.)

There are a lot of details about how to complete each of these properly, details you will have to follow, so read them below in "Grading Standards" before you start, and then pour over them time and time again as you complete your Draft III.


Read all of this Web page carefully.  (If you are in the on-campus course, you must print it out.)  Consider what subjects you most would enjoy developing.  Talk with me and/or others to develop ideas or ask for comments on your initial ideas.  You also may use--or add to--one or more of your Practice Papers, as long as your Draft I totals 1000+ w.  Watch out for the Draft I deadline in your "Schedule."

A. Brainstorming-Freewriting Way of Starting: Some people prefer to just write a Draft I as an informational draft--just facts and/or thoughts about the subject.  That's fine, as long as you develop 1000+ words.  You don't have to know, yet, which of the types of papers you're going to write.  The goal in this case is to simply get a lot of words and thoughts on the page.  

B. Moderately Organized Way of Starting: Other people like to have some sense of which type of paper they are going to write.  If this describes you, then look more closely at the seven types of allowable papers listed in "Types of Papers," below.  The description for each of the seven will tell you how to organize that type of paper, and you can also use the yellow link to go to a sample paper of that type.  Decide on a type, if you can.  And look at the sample, too, because seeing a real example of a paper can be a great help in knowing how yours should eventually look and sound.  Note: If you are doing a class speech or making a Web site, then your Draft I Written Report only needs to be 500+ w.

C. Highly Organized Way of Starting: Still other people like to be highly organized as they start a Draft I..  If this describes you, you probably like writing a Draft I as if you are writing the final paper as much as possible.  To do this, be sure that you read and try to follow as many of the directions as possible.  This means reading the requirements not only for your type of paper in "Types of Papers," but also looking at the sample paper (through the link marked in yellow).  It also means--and this is extremely important--carefully reading and following the requirements in the four "Grading Standards."  Do remember to check out the sample paper by clicking on the link marked in yellow for your type of paper.  Reading or at least skimming a sample paper often can dramatically help you define the type of paper and see its normal flow and pattern.



For your Draft II, you simply write 2000+ words, adding as much as possible of all the required organization, quotations/images, and a bibliography.  To write your Draft II, use the directions immediately above in "C. Highly Organized Way of Starting."  In your Draft II, you should finish as much of your final paper as possible (except for editing, punctuation, grammar, etc.)  Note: If you are doing a class speech or making a Web site, then your Draft II Written Report only needs to be 1000+ w.

I will look at your Draft II with you in an individual consultation which is worth class attendance X's.  The more you have done, the more I can help you!  If you can't make your final consultation, then send your Draft II to me by email as an attached MS Word document and ask me how it looks.  Again, if you have a lot done, I can better help you with what still needs doing.  Your Draft II is due at your consultation.  Note: if you miss your consultation, you will lose class attendance X's.  The Draft II then is due Thursday--in my office before I leave it, or by midnight by email attachment.
Also, start your bibliography page.  To do it, you
must use NoodleTools Bibliography Maker (or another web bibliography maker of your own choosing).  IHCC has a subscription to NoodleTools.  It forms your bibliographies for you by asking you questions (e.g., "Who is the author?"); then it makes your entry for you, which you copy to your paper. You first go into NoodleTools and make your own permanent account.  Then you can work on it a little bit at a time, saving your work each time, until you have the bibliography you want.  On campus, no initial password is needed; but if you're on your own laptop/desktop, you'll need a password the first time.  Ask Richard what it is.  Click here - NoodleTools - to start using it, or go to the lower-right corner of www.richardjewell.net .


The Types of Papers You May Use

You may choose one of these seven types of papers to write. 
(Warning: You may not write just a simple report on a subject unless you also are willing to do a class presentation/speech or create a Web site).  You may click on the links immediately below or simply scroll down to read longer requirements for these types of papers.  At the beginning of each set of requirements is an additional link in yellow that will take you to a sample paper of that type. 

PRINTABLE COPY: Would you like a printable copy of the type of paper you have chosen?  To make it, simply open an MS Word blank page.  Then return to this Web page.  Next, use the "Copy" and "Paste" functions to copy your type of paper, below, to your MS Word page.  Then simply print the MSWord page.


  Humanities Graded Project Paper, Set A (Easier)   

Note: A Background section--between the Introduction and the first body section--is allowed in any of the following papers in "Set A."  However, the background section can NOT count toward your minimum word count.  In addition, it must, like other body sections, have a subtitle (Background), a topic sentence, and at least 1 quotation per paragraph.


Comparison-Contrast Paper of 2-3 Ideas, Events, or Cultural Works 
(Sample: Click here to see
“Responding to Readings
”/”Writing an Analysis”/"Samples”/Sample #4.)
WARNING: For Draft III, be sure to also go down to (and use) the entirely different "Grading Standards" below!


Introduction.  TYPE of paper, statement of the 2-3 clearly different people, events, or objects you are comparing and contrasting, the 3-4 topics or questions you will use for comparing and contrasting, and a quotation on the overall subject or main point of the comparison/contrast.

(A Background sect. also is allowed--see above notes; when you compare/contrast, please stay within our course time periods and places.)


1.5 + pp. per section 
(min. of 1.5 pp./

Divide the overall subject or main point into three areas of questioning: e.g., if you were comp./cont. the gods of Egypt, Greece, and Rome, do not have a whole separate section on each; instead, divide up the paper by three or four related topics or questions, such as the gods' Births, Functions, and Cultural Associations, or Leader Gods, Maternal Gods, and Rebel Gods.   Each body sect. should have a Subtitle you make up, a topic sentence stating the topic to be compared and contrasted with the others, and quotations:

[1st Idea/Subject] w/3+ subtopics or paragraphs, each with its own contrasts/comparisons.

[2nd Idea/Subject] w/3+ subtopics or paragraphs, each with its own contrasts/comparisons.

[3rd Idea/Subject] w/3+ subtopics or paragraphs, each with its own contrasts/comparisons.

Note: Be sure to have plenty of "controller" sentences showing what you are doing in each thought: e.g., "One way in which all three groups of gods are alike..."; "These two gods differ by..."; etc.


Conclusion.  Final “Q.”  The 3 viewpoints.  Final concluding statement.


Dialectic Argument: 3 Opposing Viewpoints

(Samples: Click here to see WritingforCollege.org—"Writing a Dialogic Argument/Samples.") (11-27-12)
WARNING: For Draft III, be sure to also go down to (and use) the entirely different "Grading Standards" below!


Introduction.  TYPE of paper, 3 clearly different points of view, & "Q" on subject.

(A Background sect. also is allowed--see above note.)


1.5 + pp. per section.

Each body sect. should have a Subtitle you make up, a topic sentence stating the viewpoint, a viewpoint clearly quite different from each of the other two, and quotations:

[1st Opposing Viewpoint] w/3+ reasons why it’s true.

[2nd Opposing Viewpoint] w/3+ reasons why it’s true.

[3rd Opposing Viewpoint, Resolution, or Compromise] w/3+ reasons why it’s true.


Conclusion.  Final “Q.”  The 3 viewpoints.  Final concluding statement.


Thesis (Single-Argument) Paper

(Sample: Click here to see WritingforCollege.org—"Writing a Thesis Argument/Samples.") (11-27-12)
WARNING: For Draft III, be sure to also go down to (and use) the entirely different "Grading Standards" below!


Introduction.  TYPE of paper, argument or problem, & a quotation. (A Background sect. is allowed but does not count toward your min. word count--see note after "Set A--Simpler" for requirements.)

min. 1.5 pp./sect.

3-5 sections, each one a reason why your arg. is true.  Order the sections: 1st = most interesting, 2/3/4 = least interesting, and  last = second most interesting.  Each body sect. should have a Subtitle you make up, a first topic sentence stating the next reason why your argument is true (e.g., "The second reason Socrates should not have killed himself is ________"), and discussion & quotations:
[1st Reason Why]
, topic sent., and step-by-step explanation of that reason, with supporting quotes.
[2nd Reason Why]
, topic sent., and step-by-step explanation of that reason, with supporting quotes.
[3rd Reason Why]
, topic sent., and step-by-step explanation of that reason, with supporting quotes.


Conclusion.  Arg. or problem, & a final quotation.


Photo or Web Page Using Both Photographs & a Written Report
(Sample Web Page Report: none available.)
WARNING: For Draft III, be sure to also go down to (and use) the entirely different "Grading Standards" below!

1a. (See also "2" below.)  Class-Presentation Option (for both on-campus and fully online classes to do at the on-campus Final Meeting): 1/2 of your grade will be on a presentation in class (not for online-section students).  Give your presentation for a full 9-11 minutes, both showing your 8+ paintings or other, as below, and talking.  This will be half of your Project grade.  This presentation half will be graded as follows:

  1. ORAL CONTENTS: quality, specificity/narrowness/depth, appropriateness to course, and originality compared to the textbooks and other students' current knowledge.

  2. NON-ORAL AIDS: quality and quantity of pictures, graphs, videos, music, demonstrations, etc. and the methods by which they are presented.

  3. ORGANIZATION: clarity and orderliness of presentation; use of topic sentences, appropriate time/length, and transitions that are oral or visual (graphic markers/symbols or body language).

  4. STYLE & TONE: appropriateness, energy, and balance; eye contact with audience; use of visual cues (e.g., body language or graphic markers/symbols), and appropriateness of words and phrases for the audience.

  5. SOURCES: a display for your audience of a bibliography by visual aid or by a hand out; use of quotations/paraphrases in your presentation and statement of who made them (author & source).

1b. 1st 1/2 of Grade - Web Page, Short Film, or Photos-in-Word-Document Option: 1/2 of your grade will be on the quality of your graphics in both content and in graphic display and arrangement using the above five elements.  This will be half of your Project grade. 

2.  2nd 1/2 of Grade - Writing: The other 1/2 of your grade will be on the quality of your writing.  You must incorporate the writing with the visuals in a simple, easy to follow manner, using good graphic arrangement of the writing, as well.  Your writing (with your visuals) must be organized in the following manner (see the boxes immediately below) and will be graded according to the "Grading Standards" used to grade everyone else's papers, including all four grading standards of contents, details, organization, and appearance.  The length of the writing must only be, at a minimum, half of what the other minimums are: 250 w. (instead of 500) for Draft I; 500 w. (instead of 1000) for Draft II; and 1000+ w. (instead of 2000+ for Draft III.. Use the following organization:


Introduction.  Give the TYPE of paper, a summary of the subject matter, & a great example of your subject matter in the form of a painting, drawing, or the like. (A Background sect. also is allowed--see above note.)


min. of 1 p. per


Subtitles of your choice.  3-4 sections, each one presenting another aspect of your subject.  Each section should contain 2+ paintings, drawings, or other interesting, presentable visual or audio elements to help present your subject.


Conclusion.  Repeat the subject matter and offer a final example by showing a final painting, drawing, or the like.



  Humanities Graded Project Paper, Set B
More Difficult)

Note: If noted below (in "Set B"), a Summary or Background section is required.  Please see the requirements below. For such papers, the summary or background words count toward your minimum word count. 


Analysis (from 3 Differing Viewpoints) of a
, Time Period, Art Object, or Event
(Samples: Click here to see
WritingforCollege.org—"Writing an Analysis/Samples.") (11-27-12)
WARNING: For Draft III, be sure to also go down to (and use) the entirely different "Grading Standards" below!


TYPE of paper; “Quote”; your reading, time period, art object, or event (give your source for it--Author, "Title of Work," & Book Name); the author’s/creator's main arg. or position; and, briefly, the 3 points of view or 3 systems of interpretation (e.g., Freudian, Platonic, and Machiavellian) you will use.


Summary. Summarize reading, event, or object in 100-200 w. only!  Remember Subtitle!
Sum. in order, fairly, in length proportionate to each section of the reading.

1.5 pp. per sect.

3-4 sections, each 1st sentence a topic sentence--a statement of the section's reason or proof.  Use original Subtitles!  Each section: a new person's or author's differing point of view (e.g., "bakers," "bankers," "soldiers"; or 3 differing book authors..


Author/”Title,” “Quote”; author's argument; your unbiased, logical conclusion.


Critical Review of a Reading, Painting, or Other Work of Art  
(Sample: Click here to see
WritingforCollege.orgWriting a Critical Review/Samples." (11-27-12)
WARNING: For Draft III, be sure to also go down to (and use) the entirely different "Grading Standards" below!


TYPE of paper, Author/Artist, Title of Work, “Q”; author’s arg; your final eval.


(No background or summary section allowed because the 1st body section is a Summary.)

Body—min. 1.5 pp. per section.

3 sections only, each 1st sentence a statement of the section’s purpose:
Summary—3-5 main points; sum. the important points accurately, fairly--or, if a work of art, summarize using the elements of art applicable to it.
Arguments–3-5 different issues or parts in the reading; discuss potential reactions to the reading from academics, professionals, and/or the public--or, if a work of art, suggest possible interpretations.
Evaluations—3-5 differing criteria; judge the quality of the book author's argument/writing/research using criteria/categories of evaluation--or, if you're critiquing a work of art, evaluate the quality of the work itself using the elements of art and your own judgments. 


Conclusion. Author, “Title,” “Q”; author’s arg; your final eval.


Disagreement with a Serious Reading: 3-4 Major Points of Disagreement

(Samples: Click here for WritingforCollege.org—"Writing a Disagreement/Samples." (11-27-12)
WARNING: For Draft III, be sure to also go down to (and use) the entirely different "Grading Standards" below!


TYPE of paper, Author, "Title," Book Name, “Q”; author’s argument; how/why author is wrong. 


Summary. Summarize reading, no Q’s, 100-200 w. only!  Remember Subtitle!
Sum. in order, fairly, in length proportionate to each section of the reading.  

1.5 pp./sect.

3-4 sections, each 1st sentence a statement of the new type of disagreement in that section (1 section may agree).  Use original Subtitles & topic sentences!


Conclusion. Author/”Title,” Q; author’s arg.; how author is wrong. (Remember subtitle!)   

(Grading Guidelines: A = excellent, B = very good, C = acceptable, D = substandard, F = unacceptable.)

Return to top.



As you develop the final draft of your paper, use the four grading standards listed immediately below (Contents, Details, Organization, and Academic/Professional Appearance) as a "map" or set of guidelines for what your paper must have in its finished form.  In essence, each one is equally important, so in fact each is worth the equivalent of 25% of your grade.  The way I grade is to look at how well you have done each, and then to subtract 0 to 5 points (never more than 5) for each category.  The point system for the grades is as follows:
The grading of the term project/paper is by letter grade.  You MUST turn in a final paper that follows a preponderance (majority) of the requirements in order to pass this course.  If you do not do this, then you receive an "F" for the course, no matter how many points you may otherwise have.  Your overall points or X's for the paper (20 are possible) and the equivalent letter grades are as follows.  I then add the number of points you have received to your total of all your points/X's for the semester (See Grading.)

A+ = 20 X's/points
A   = 19 X's
A- = 18 X's
B+ = 16 X's
B   = 15 X's
B-  = 14 X's
C+ = 12 X's
C   =  11 X's
C- =  10 X's
D+ = 9 X's
D   = 8 X's
D-  = 7 X's
F+ = 6 X's
F   = 5 X's
F- =  4 X's/points
FF = No Paper Turned In = 0 X's/points and
an F on the final overall grade for the semester.


Typical grades are "A's" and high "B's"  for those who have shown me their Draft I and Draft II on time for me to make comments on, and who have received a consultation by phone or in person.  Typical grades are "C" to "F" for those who have not sent me a Draft I and II first and have not had a consultation--not because of any reduction of the grade for lateness but rather because these people often have not written the correct kind of paper at the correct level of difficulty (often all they write is a report, rather than one of the other kinds of papers) and/or because they have organized it very badly without any help or comments from me. 

Please be aware that while this paper should not be difficult if you follow directions and have finished (or nearly finished) Eng 1108, if you really have done a horrible job of doing something, or effort appears completely absent, you can lose all five points for that part of the four grading standards.  This means that if you are particularly weak in some area--for example, grammar, spelling, and punctuation, or perhaps organization--then you would be wise to get the help of a writing tutor to fix such things.  The steps in doing so are easy:

(1) Have a copy of these requirements and the most recent typed copy of your paper. 

(2) Make an appointment or just walk in to the IHCC daytime Writing Center (directly above the library) or ask for online tutoring.  (See the lower-right corner of www.richardjewell.net for IHCC Writing Center contacts.)

(3) Specify what kindof help you want: the more specific you are, the better, especially by showing them the grading standards. (If you do not ask for specific items, your tutor may start you from scratch, make recommendations for content changes never using the grading standards, and thus not have time to help you with grammar, paragraphing, the paper's requirements, or whatever other help you need.

Re the four grading standards themselves, first is a description of them:


Printable MSWord Copy--Click Here

1. CONTENTS: Are the contents as follows for your particular type of paper?

  • Are the contents appropriate, interesting, and full (2200-3000 words, min. 2000)?

  • Have you imagined your audience as primarily other intelligent students?   

  • Have you used reasoning that makes sense on a reasonable, narrow, specific subject?

  • Have you developed each body section for at least 1.5 pp.?  

  • Though background info is OK, have you gone deeper and broader than the information on your subject in our textbooks and/or lectures?

  • Have you labeled the paper with quotations in bold and the main thesis/subject sent. in the intro underlined?

2. SUPPORTING DETAILS: Are the details as follows for your paper?

Intro and Conclusion:

  •  - Two strong quotations (one in each) (none required for “Presentation”), 


  • 3-6 quotations per section (or 1-4 quotations + 2 paraphrases); they must be substantial.  (Presentation writers—your paintings, drawings, etc. replace your need for quotations.)

  • Provide author names beforehand, the quotation, and then the page number (hardcopy source; no number needed for Web pages): for example, According to Jane Smith of Harvard University, “Plato respected Socrates” (35).  

  • Quotes longer than 4 typed lines should be properly indented.  

  • Don’t just toss in a quote.  Introduce it with an introductory sentence helping the reader know the purpose, value, or meaning of the quote.  Then start the quote itself with an “According to ___” or “___ says,”—naming at least the author’s last name.

  • 3+ sources: at least one from physical library (with others allowed from the Web):
     - You’ll need to have a separate bibliography page of at least three sources (beyond our textbooks) that you have used in your paper.  (Presentation people, this includes you, too—all of this section "3." about sources.)
     - One of your sources MUST BE A PHYSICAL COPY YOU PHYSICALLY HELD IN YOUR HANDS FROM A PHYSICAL, LARGE LIBRARY( like the IHCC library or larger).  You also must provide page numbers for it: after each quotation from it, you must write the page number the quotation is on (as described above).
    You must actually quote (or use a painting or drawing, etc.) You may not use the course books for the 3 min. sources.

  • Regular encyclopedias and dictionaries (like Wikipedia, quotation sites, Websters, etc.) will NOT count for your minimum required sources and quotations (but may be used additionally).
    Our course textbooks (Lamm, Fiero, Witt, and Jewell) will NOT count for your minimum required sources and quotations (but may be used additionally).
    You must have a separate bibliography page.

  • Type the bib. using proper MLA or APA style: click here to see the basics of "Quoting, Paraphrasing, & Avoiding  Plagiarism."  You also must use NoodleTools Bibliography Maker (or another web bibliography maker of your own choosing).  IHCC has a subscription.  It forms your bibliographies for you by asking you questions (e.g., "Who is the author?"); then it makes your entry for you, which you copy to your paper. Ask Richard for the first-time password if you use your own computer. Click on NoodleTools  to start using it, or go to the lower-right corner of www.richardjewell.net .
     - The other sources can be from any library or even from the Internet, but only if they are good, academic sources considered reliable and valuable.  (Presentation writers—some or all of your 3+ sources can be your works of art, but provide the source both in the paper and in the bibliography.)

  • Extra Credit: You can get extra credit for having a large number of good sources.

3. ORGANIZATION: Does the organization have the following parts?

  • TITLE: an original title that you have made up yourself.    

  • INTRODUCTION: Only 1 paragraph (subtitle optional).

  • SUMMARY [for some types of papers—see “Set A” & “B” below]: Place it after the Intro. & before the Body.  Start it with an Underlined Subtitle.  Make it only1 paragraph of 100+ w.  (required for some papers; only optional for others and cannot count for min. word count)

  • BODY:   Start each body section with a Subtitle + an introductory topic sentence stating the subject of the body section.  Each body section should be at least 3 paragraphs long, and at least 1.5 pages long.

  • CONCLUSION: Only 1 paragraph (subtitle optional). 


4. ACADEMIC/ PROFESSIONAL APPEARANCE: Have you edited and printed the paper well, as follows?

4a. Paragraph Structure:

  • Do you have at least 3 paragraphs in every body section?

  • Is each paragraph at least 2 sentences long but less than 200 words in length?

  • Does each longer paragraph have a topic statement at its beginning?

4b. Mechanics (grammar, spelling, & punctuation):

  • Don't use “you/your" and "I/my/me/mine" except as they occur in "quotes."

  • Keep to the same verb tense as consistently as reasonably possible.

  • The 1st sentence of each main body section should be a topic sentence.

4c. Printing: Have you typed the manuscript formally for academics/professionals, according to the following standards (not applicable to those creating Web-page reports)?

  • Use MSWord when typing. AVOID MSWorks (it creates format problems in later drafts)!
    Which do you have?  Check out MSWord free of charge from IHCC’s “Technology Services.”)

  • Margins: 1" margins that are equal on both sides, and about equal on top and bottom; 

  • No Extra-Large Margins: (go to “Miscellaneous” on the course Web site for directions; or in MS Word, mark the entire file, then go to “Format,” “Paragraphs,” and “Line and Page Breaks,” and uncheck all four boxes in "pagination."); 

  • Page #s: Numbers on right or middle of page, placed in the margin (place the p. # in the margin, not before or after the margin); 

  • Double Spacing: true double spacing—15-20 double-spaced lines per every 6"; 

  • Paragraph Printing: paragraphs that are indented 5-8 spaces at 1st line, with no extra line spaces between paragraphs. 

  • Subs: Underlined Subtitles alone on lines, with no colons, in neither bold nor italics;

  • Paper: 20# bond (standard printer paper--this sheet of paper is 20# bond); 

  • Style of Print: clean, dark, ragged-right, letter-quality, 12-point font (this sheet uses 12-point font).


Second, here is a box showing a brief list of what is expected, thanks mostly to Ashley Griggs, a student in this class in fall 2004:



  • 2000-3000 words

  • Original title

  • Verb tense past for past events but present for quotes (Author says, "....")

  • Correct grammar, no I/you pronouns

  • Double-spaced, one-inch margins, 12-point font, Times New Roman

  • MSWord, not MSWorks

  • One-paragraph Intro with one quote
    (in some papers, followed by "Summary" underlined and a synopsis of the paper)

  • Developed and organized Body with well developed thesis and supporting facts/information

  • Started with an underlined Subtitle and an intro topic sentence covering what's discussed in that body section

  • Each body section should be at least 3 paragraphs long, and at least 1 & 1/2 pages long.

  • Have three+ quotes in each section.

  • Conclusion is one paragraph with one quote.

  • Bibliography has at least three sources (one source from a physical library; textbooks, dictionaries, and encyclopedias, like Wikipedia or quotation sites, don't count).

  • Use NoodleTools to make the bibliography.  If you're on a private computer, ask Richard for the password.

  • Graded on four criteria/categories: Contents, Details, Organization, and Academic/Professional Appearance

  • Standard letter grade is given in each category, and the four grades are averaged for the total grade.


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When Are Drafts Due (and How Do You Turn Them In)?

Graded papers (Draft I, Draft II, and the final term paper, Draft III)
: Almost all drafts of  the term paper, rough or finished, must be turned in exactly on time, or you lose some X's/points. Please see the normal "Schedule" for when your Drafts I, II, and III (final) are due.


  • During the semester: You lose X's or points from your overall point total for each of your three drafts that are late.  As of fall 2010, that means a loss of up to 3 X's/points for missing the Draft I deadline, another 3 X's/points for the Draft II deadline, and yet another 3 X's/points for missing the Draft III deadline.  Those are the only penalties for lateness.  These three deadlines are due on the due date and cannot be a week late (like regular weekly homework can during the semester).  So, please get them in on time.  These penalty X's are not part of the 20 points the paper is worth, but are in addition to it.  That is, even if you have all 9 X's deducted for being late with all three drafts, you still can earn up to 20 X's/points on the paper itself.

  • End of semester: If it's turned in past the time that I must turn in grades, you fail the course.  However, if you turn it into me later, I can raise your grade according to what you have earned once the final paper receives a passing grade. 

  • Not done at all or done very poorly: If you don't do the paper or if you do it but receive lower than a "D-" on it, you cannot pass the course. 

PARTS with quotations in bold and the main thesis sent. in the intro underlined
Will you lose credit for not doing the labeling?  Yes, you will.  I will take an X or point off if it is not labelled, and more X's/points if I can't easily find your required thesis/main subject sentence and your quotations.

To prove that you have finished and turned in your paper by midnight of the due date, you will need to do one of the following:

a. You may place it under my door or in my mailbox BEFORE I LEAVE SCHOOL on my last day I am present for finals.  Note that my last day on campus is sometimes sooner than the last day of finals.  My office door is B-136, and there is space under it to slide a paper.  My mailbox is in the Business building, right across from my office.   (B-136 is in a group of offices accessible through a doorway just one foot inside the front doors of the Business building, on the right.  My mailbox is right on the wall outside of my office, along with several others, all in a row on the wall.)  REMEMBER TO LABEL THE PARTS with quotations in bold and the main thesis/subject sent. in the intro underlined

b. You may mail it to me by USPO before pick-up time for that day so that there is a postmark on it with the due day's date.  If you choose this option, regular mail is okay on papers due during the semester, but regular mail occasionally can take up to ten days; for this reason, I recommend "Priority Mail" (about $4), which takes three days or less.  And if you're mailing a final draft at the end of the semester, you must send it by "Priority Mail" or "Overnight Delivery" (about $12-14) because I have to get grades in soon after, usually about four or five days after finals.

d. If you are experienced with sending attachments by email, you may send me your paper in an MS Word email attachment.  I can handle ".doc," ".docx," and ".wps" attachments.  BE SURE TO STILL LABEL THE PARTS with quotations in bold and the main thesis/subject sent. in the intro underlined.  Your email and attachment should be dated by midnight, so send it well before midnight, especially in case the Internet is slow (which it can be at mid-term and in finals week, even near midnight) or you make an error and receive a not-sent message.  Deadlines still apply, according to the exact time I receive it, not the time you sent it. 

e. You may take it to my condominium in Minneapolis, 410 Groveland Ave., in Minneapolis.  Before nine p.m., just come to my condo.  After nine p.m. (but before twelve midnight) you may take it to my condominium association's 24-hour security desk at 400 Groveland Ave., hand it to the desk clerk, and ask him to sign and date it.  Then you will need to let me know by phone or email the next day that you delivered a package for me to my security office.  Groveland Avenue is in South Minneapolis, near the Walker Art Museum and Loring Park, not far from Uptown, and I'm right at the intersection of I-94, I-35W, and I-394.  However, it's hard to find my place.  Use the directions in "Contact Richard" to find it.  Print these out!  Mapquest/Google directions often aren't enough because of the one-way streets and two freeways near where I live--print out  my directions!  REMEMBER TO LABEL THE PARTS with quotations in bold and the main thesis/subject sent. in the intro underlined

That is all, folks.  It's a lot to absorb, but give it some time and some rereading, and with some hard work you'll be very pleased with your final project.  Let me know if I can help!  Email, call, or come and see me.

Xxx (10-pt. Ariel; 2,6,111%)

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On This Page:

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Useful Tips for
Taking This Course


How To Use This Page:

(a) There is a lot of useful information here, so read this page carefully, some of it 2-3+ times. 

(b) If you are process oriented, like a majority of people, you can simply start at the top of this web page with "6 Steps, & How To Do Drafts I-II." 

(c) However, if you are product oriented, then you may want to start with the exact standards by which you will be graded - see Grading Standards.

(d) Pick any topic within 10,000 BC - 1500 AD in Europe, the Middle East, the Americas, or North Africa. 

(e) You may use any one of seven different styles of papers as shown in the left column..

(f) There are three different due dates, so plan your writing so you can meet or beat all of them.

(g) Use the Grading Standards on the final draft.

Writing a Term Paper or Project:
This final project is worth quite a bit of your grade, so it's worth getting right.  Fortunately, this page not only tells you what is expected in this term paper, but it also tells you, in many ways, how to write any term paper.  I have even had several students tell me they learned more about writing in this class than in their regular writing class!  Following the directions for this paper carefully will have its rewards.  As a result, you will be able to transfer the types of papers - and the standards expected - in this course to other courses, too, so that you will come out of this class knowing how to write most any term papers better.

Updated 22 Dec. 2013



Contents and page design: Copyright (©) 2005-2017 by Richard Jewell

Images courtesy of IHCC, Barry's Clip Art, Clip Art Warehouse, Clip Art Universe, Clipart Collection, MS Clip Art Gallery and Design Gallery Live, School Discovery, and Web Clip Art

First date of publication: January 1, 2005.  Graphics redesigned Aug. 1, 2013
Home-page server's URL: www.richard.jewell.net
CONTACT RICHARD: See www.Richard.Jewell.net/contact.htm.  Office: Business 136, Inver Hills CC